Time to Re-Evaluate Your SIMPLE IRA Plan?
September 20, 2022
By John Rogers
Originally featured in SBAM’s FOCUS Magazine
If your company currently offers a SIMPLE IRA plan to employees, then you have taken an important first step in helping them plan for retirement. However, it may be useful to consider additional options.
Under the right circumstances, an alternative plan structure, such as a 401(k), may benefit employees by offering higher contribution amounts, tax advantages, potential cost savings and flexibility in plan features. Companies that sponsor a 401(k) have the responsibility to operate the plan properly and to follow a prudent process when making decisions, so consider utilizing professional resources.
Comparing SIMPLE and 401(k) Plans
SIMPLE/SEP IRAs are retirement plans that allow employees to save for retirement on a pre-tax basis. In comparison to a 401(k), SIMPLE/SEP IRAs have fewer plan design options and features. SIMPLE Plan contribution limits are lower than other plans—$14,000 plus $3,000 catch-up contributions for employees who are 50+ years old, as opposed to $20,500 plus a $6,500 catch up in a 401(k) plan.1
While SIMPLE IRAs offer small business a retirement plan solution, the benefits of a 401(k) are:
Higher contribution limits for all
Enhanced plan features, such as a Roth option or
Pooled Employer Plans May Make it Easier for Small Businesses to Sponsor a 401(k) Plan
While there are many 401(k) options available to employers, some small businesses are evaluating the merits of a Pooled Employer 401(k) Plan (PEP), a structure which was created by the 2019 SECURE Act. PEPs are designed with the intent to increase efficiencies, reduce burdens on employers, manage costs more effectively, and help improve retirement outcomes for the employees compared to SIMPLE IRAs.
Transitioning from SIMPLE to 401(k)
If your company determines that moving from a SIMPLE IRA plan to a 401(k) plan is prudent, the process is easy. However, you’ll want to begin discussing the process with your financial advisor now to follow the correct process before the end of the year.
SIMPLE IRAs run on the calendar year, must be the only retirement plan in operation that year and cannot be terminated mid-year. When transitioning from a SIMPLE IRA to a 401(k) plan such as the SBAM PEP, you must notify your employees within a reasonable time before November 2 that you’ll discontinue the SIMPLE IRA plan effective the following January and replace it with a 401(k).2
John G. Rogers is an Institutional Consultant and Investing with Impact Director with Graystone Consulting – Farmington Hills, a business of Morgan Stanley. He leads the group’s Morgan Stanley at Work financial wellness program and its mission and impact investing initiatives.
John graduated from Northwestern University in 2012 with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in History, a minor in Business Institutions and a Certificate in Leadership. Visit https://advisor.morganstanley.com/jbara-and-rogers-financial-management-group#morgan-stanley-at-work to learn more.
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